- Physical abuse: Use of physical force that my result in bodily injury, physical pain, or impairment.
- Sexual abuse: Nonconsensual sexual contact of any kind with an elderly person.
- Emotional abuse: Infliction of anguish, pain or distress through verbal or nonverbal acts. This may also include failure to provide social stimulation, as illustrated in the above photo.
- Financial/material exploitation: Illegal or improper use of an elder’s funds, property or assets.
- Neglect: The refusal or failure to fulfill any part of a person’s obligations or duties to an elderly person.
- Abandonment: The desertion of an elderly person by an individual who has physical custody of the elder or by a person who has assumed responsibility for providing care to the elder.
- Self-neglect: Behaviors of an elderly person that threaten the elder’s health or safety.
Reporting requirements may vary slightly among jurisdictions, however in most states, Adult Protective Services is the first to respond to any report of abuse, neglect or exploitation of a vulnerable adult. Early in my nursing career, I had the experience of reporting to Adult Protective Services and Child Protective Services. If it were my loved one, I would hope and expect that a fellow nurse or other healthcare provider intervene and take appropriate action by reporting.
To read the article go to http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.texasnurses.org/resource/resmgr/TNV/TX1_15.pdf
or to learn more about elder abuse visit the NCEA website at http://www.ncea.aoa.gov